Surfing Terms / Surfing Definitions Page 2

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Hang Ten:
Walking to the end of your board and placing all ten toes past the nose of your board.
Impact Zone:
The area where the waves are breaking. You don't want to hang out here long!
Inside:
The area closer to shore, clear of the impact zone. This is the area where beginning surfers will learn to surf, riding the white water towards shore.
Kick Out:
A manouver to exit the wave quickly. Usually to avoid another surfer or if the wave is closing out around you. With your rear foot push down hard on the tail and turn into the wave.
Kook:
A derogatory term for a beginner surfer.
Kook Strap:
When surf leashes (see next surf term) first came onto the scene, this was a term used to refer to a leash. They're mainstream now, and it is not a negative term.
Leash:
A urethane chord that is connected to the rear of the surfboard and the rear foot of the rider with velcro releases at both ends.
Lefts:
A breaking wave that allows the rider to surf to his/her left. Somewhat confusing to people at first watching from shore because they will see a rider moving to the right, but hear people saying "nice left".
Lineup:
The area outside of the breaking waves where surfers wait for a wave.
Lip:
The highest point of a breaking wave.
Longboard:
A surfboard usually from 8 to 12 feet in length. The nose is rounded, the mid-section is straight and the tail is wide and there is just one fin. Shortboards and funboards have three fins.
Outside:
Either a warning or excitement as a larger swell is approaching that will cause waves to break farther out. Surfer's will paddle farther out to either be in position to catch the wave or to paddle beyond it's break if they deem the wave is beyond their abilities that day.
Overhead:
A term to indicate wave heights higher than head high (over six feet).
Peak:
The high part of the wave that will break first.
Pearling:
When the nose of the surfboard digs into a wave you are trying to catch. This causes the tail come up and flip you and the board. (Often a problem for beginner surfer's, you may want to refer to Surfboard Pearling where there are tips on what to do to.
Point Break:
A point of land alters the approaching waves, creating a good break for surfing.
Pop Up:
The motion of going from laying prone on the surfboard to standing. The more fluid and quick the motion the better.
Reef Break:
Where surfable waves are created as they pass over rock or coral. Usually there is deeper water between the reef and the shore.
Rights:
A breaking wave that allows the rider to surf to his/her right.
Rip current:
A fast flowing amount of water that can run parallel to shore or seaward. Dangerous to people who do not understand the nature of ripcurrents. For more information have a look at rip currents in our Surfing Safety section of the website.
Sandbuster:
A dangerous wave. Do not try to surf these. It is a wave that breaks violently very close to shore in shallow water. You will hear it thumping the sand.
Sets:
Larger waves that come in groups. For example, you may notice that today, three larger waves tend to come in about every 5 minutes. On another day, the set waves may come in at different intervals.
Skegged:
Being hit by the fins on the underside of a surfboard. I have a scar on my ankle from a bad skegging where I broke a fin off when it hit my ankle. Doesn't happen often so don't sweat it. It is a good idea to put on soft fins if children will be using the surfboard.
Shorebreaks:
Also known as beachbreaks. This is where waves break on shore. For ridable waves the shore needs to have a gradually descending bottom. The waves tend to close out faster causing shorter rides.
Shoulder:
The part of the wave that has not broken yet that is next to the white water as the wave breaks.
Takeoff:
The first part of your ride where you are paddling hard for the wave and getting to your feet (popping up).
Trim:
Adjusting your position on the surfboard to attain maximum speed without the nose digging into the wave.

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>Alright you've got the surfing lingo down, now it's time to hit the waves and learn how to surf.